Hows and Whys: Guidelines for the M.A. in Japanese Linguistics

MA students in the Department of Asian Languages and Literature must adhere to (1) the University of Washington's Graduate School policies, (2) the Department of Asian Languages and Literature policies and procedures, and (3) all program specific regulations.

The information below is meant only as a reference. Final authority in all cases remains with the official regulations.

General Aims

The goal of graduate study is to train students to make original contributions to scholarship in their field. Therefore, the graduate student needs to build a solid awareness of the publications in the field of specialization, the major questions that are being (and could be) researched, as well as the methodology for answering such questions. In addition, the student should have a solid grasp of the broader academic context in which the field of specialization is situated (i.e. "the big picture").

The following explains the rationale behind the each of the general requirements for M.A. students in the department, and outlines the procedures students should follow to satisfy them. It also contains, in bold, the specific rules of the Japanese linguistics program over and above those of the department. Finally, notes in boxes are explanations, examples, and additional commentary.


In addition to the general department admissions requirements, an undergraduate grade point average of 3.0 in the junior and senior years is a prerequisite for admission to the program in Japanese.

For admission to the M.A. program the student should have a strong undergraduate preparation in linguistics, literature, or social sciences, with the equivalent of at least four years' work in the Japanese language. Non-native speakers of Japanese should have already studied abroad or spent time living in Japan and have reading skills needed to read academic articles in Japanese. Students with major deficiencies in Japanese language preparation will not be admitted. Basic preparation in linguistics is expected, regardless of undergraduate specialization. While a student lacking such preparation may be admitted, they will be expected to concentrate initially on compensating for the deficiencies in background by taking linguistics courses chosen in consultation with the academic adviser.

How to Proceed

The following explains the rationale behind each of the general requirements for M.A. students in the department, and outlines the procedures students should follow to satisfy them.

1. Meeting with the Adviser

Each new student is assigned an interim adviser, that is, a graduate faculty member with whom the student can discuss the course of their study in the initial stages. Upon arrival, the student should meet as soon as possible with the assigned interim adviser to chart a plan of course work and the student should meet quarterly with the adviser to keep the adviser apprised of the student's progress. It is the student's responsibility to take the initiative for these meetings, and the adviser's to file a formal progress report once a year. Once the student has determined the area of specialization and the faculty member they would like to work with, they should discuss this with the interim adviser and appoint a permanent adviser.

2. Filing a Program of Study

Practically, the graduate student should start by carefully planning a program of study that will contribute to achieving the skills mentioned above. Each of the department's programs has its own required graduate courses. The student should carefully plan when to take which courses, keeping in mind that many courses are not offered every year, and that some courses will not be offered when faculty are on leave. Ideally, students should take at least one course with every faculty member in their program, so as to familiarize themselves with the full range of scholarship and expertise available to them.

The student should submit a feasible proposal of study to the adviser, which, after approval, will be filed by the Academic Counselor no later than the third quarter of graduate study. The plan of study should be viewed as a guideline rather than a straitjacket; specifics of the plan are likely to change as the student proceeds, but the general course of study should be clear.

There is a minimum course requirement of 45 credits, and the student must take classes and examinations relating to both the linguistic and literature aspects of the language of specialization. Classes in other disciplines might also be advisable (e.g., religion or anthropology), depending on the student's chosen field of specialization. Please note that a graduate student is required to maintain a minimum 3.0 GPA.

The student's file will contain a checklist of the required courses in their program and the student will be responsible for checking off each requirement as the courses are completed. When all courses are taken, the student will present the completed list to the Program Coordinator and ask them or their designated representative to sign off the box "course work completed" on the checklist. If there are any irregularities (such as course substitutions), an explanation will be placed in the file along with the signature.

Program Description. The Japanese Linguistics Program offers work in Japanese applied linguistics, second language acquisition, and sociolinguistics. Graduate coursework in these areas builds upon a foundation of general coursework in Japanese linguistics offered as upper-division undergraduate courses. In consultation with the faculty adviser, students plan a course of study that combines opportunities within the department with the wide range of linguistics and language-related courses offered in departments such as Linguistics, English, Anthropology, and other language and literature departments.  When taking courses outside of the department, students work with their faculty adviser to select paper topics related to Japanese. 

The Japanese Linguistics Program is strongly research-oriented.  Prospective students should have a high degree of fluency in Japanese and English, including strong literacy skills in both languages.  The program is designed to prepare students for doctoral work in Japanese linguistics or to use Japanese linguistics in a teaching or professional career.  The program does not offer courses designed to prepare translators/interpreters, nor is it appropriate for students who simply wish to improve their ability to speak, read, or write Japanese.

Course Work and Credits

The M.A. program requires a minimum of 45 credits above the 300 level which are to be earned through a combination of course work and research. At least 18 credits of course work must be completed in numerically graded courses at the 400 or 500 level, and 18 credits at the 500 level and above. The following courses normally constitute a minimal level of training: Coursework in general linguistics, Japan 342, The Japanese Language; Japan 343, Japanese Language in Society; Japan 440, Introduction to Japanese Linguistics; Japan 442, Morphology and Syntax of Japanese; Japan 443, Topics in Japanese Sociolinguistics. Students who are admitted without this minimum level of undergraduate training may require a program considerably in excess of the minimum of 45 credits. When students have achieved an appropriate background in general and Japanese linguistics, they advance to graduate level courses in linguistics and Japanese linguistics.

The student may present research in either of two ways: 1) by submitting a thesis, in which case  at least 36 course credits and 9 thesis credits (Asian 700) are required, or 2) by submitting two research papers that have been written either independently or for courses or seminars, in which case all 45 minimum credits will be in course credits.

3. Taking the MA General Examination

When the required course work is completed, the student should prepare for the General Examination, which is a written test, consisting of two two-hour exams. The purpose of this test is to demonstrate the student's general competence, that is, the aforementioned "big picture" view. At the latest during the quarter prior to the exam date, the student should meet with the adviser to discuss exam preparation. In preparation for this meeting, the student should compile a list of classes taken and readings completed, so as to give the adviser a good idea of what the student already knows and what needs more work. On the basis of this information, an effective strategy for exam preparation can be devised.

Each student will take examinations in two areas of Japanese linguistics that the student has been studying. These are intended to examine the student's general mastery of the respective areas.

4. Writing a thesis or two research papers

Officially, it is only after passing the General Examination that the student will proceed to work on a thesis, but it is advisable for the student to start thinking about a topic of specialization and start working on it as soon as is practical. Alternatively, if the adviser approves, students can submit two in-depth research papers in lieu of one thesis.

The MA thesis should make an original contribution to existing research in a given field and present it in a coherent form with the conventional scholarly apparatus. In this department, demonstrating the ability to work with primary sources in the language of specialization is a requirement of the thesis.

In practical terms this means that the graduate student will go through a study process to become familiar with the publications in the field of specialization, the major questions that are being (and could be) researched, and the methodological approaches to answering such questions. The end product of this process, the thesis itself, demonstrates the mastery of these materials and approaches. The MA thesis differs from the PhD thesis in that it is narrower in scope, and it typically is comparable to a lengthy article rather than a book.

As soon as the General Examination is passed, the student should make a time schedule to organize the writing of the thesis. The student should meet regularly with the adviser to discuss progress and submit chapters of the thesis for comment. A final draft should be submitted to the other member(s) of the examination committee as soon as possible, no later than three weeks before the last day of the quarter in which the student seeks to graduate.

5. Graduating

Once the thesis is nearing completion, the student should apply to the Graduate School for the Master's degree. The final revised version of the thesis has to be submitted to the Graduate School by the last day of the quarter.